One of the first places people ride their onewheel is on a street or sidewalk however motorized vehicles are not allowed on sidewalks. Also to be on a street motorized vehicles must be registered. So where does the Onewheel and other electric skateboards stand?
A Onewheel is not a motorized vehicle in the traditional sense. A title is typically required when registering a motor vehicle. While Onewheels along with other e-skateboards are motorized (meeting the literal definition), they are commonly classified under PEV laws (if any exist within the state).
So are Onewheels illegal?
Generally speaking, the Onewheel is street legal. They still relatively novel items and most state / city laws do not delineate their allowable use. Electric skateboards (e-skateboards) and Onewheels alike tend to follow scooter laws. Some laws do specify hoverboards only which is why its important to know that Onewheels are not hoverboards.
The table below provides a list of each state and their respective laws for PEV’s / PLEV (personal electric vehicles / personal light electric vehicles):
|State||Legal Statue||Public Use|
|Alabama||PLEV Law – Section 10-1-2w||Sidewalk Only||Legal|
|Alaska||Not Specified||Not Specified||Adhere to scooter laws|
|Arizona||Municipality Based||Restricted||Phoenix City Council|
|Arkansas||Electric Scooter Act of 2019||Legal||PLEVs remain exempt|
|California||Assembly Bill No. 604||Legal||Min age 16+|
|Colorado||HB 19-1221||Legal||Max speed 20mph|
|Connecticut||CGS § 14-12||Unclear||Seek local code regulation|
|Delaware||Title 21 Ch. 41 Sc12 Provision 4198N||Banned|
|Florida||2021 Florida Statue||Legal||Min age 16+|
|Georgia||Unspecified||Unspecified||Check municipal laws|
|Hawaii||§291C-134.5 Electric Personal Assistive Mobility Devices||Legal||Limited to 20 mph|
|Idaho||Unspecified||Unspecified||No specific legislation|
|Illinois||Unspecified||Illegal to ride through business districts||Check municipal laws|
|Indiana||Unspecified||Unspecified||Check municipal laws|
|Iowa||Unspecified||Unspecified||Check municipal laws|
|Kansas||Unlegislated||Unspecified||Considered by the state as a novelty.|
|Kentucky||Kentucky House Bill 258||Legal||Onewheels considered as motor scooters. Legal|
|Louisiana||Unregulated||Unspecified||Check municipal laws|
|Maine||Unspecified||Unregulated||Check municipal laws|
|Maryland||Unspecified||Unspecified||Check municipal laws|
|Massachusetts||Unregulated||Unregulated||Check municipal laws|
|Michigan||MVC Section 257.13f||Legal||Max speed 25 mph. 2500W max motor outputOne operator Deck cannot exceed 18” x 60”|
|Minnesota||MN 169.225||Legal||Min age is 12Adequate front & rear lightingMax speed 15mph|
|Mississippi||Unregulated||Unspecified||Check municipal laws|
|Missouri||Unspecified||Unspecified||Chapter 307 of Missouri outlines hoverboard laws however nothing specific to onewheel (remember hoverboards are not Onewheels)|
|Montana||“Motorized non-standard vehicles”||Restricted||Considered as “motorized non-standard vehicles” and not allowed on streets or sidewalks|
|Nebraska||“Micro-mobility vehicles”||Legal||Abide by the rules of the road.|
|Nevada||Bill AB-485||Legal||Min age 16+Check municipal lawsBanned in Las Vegas (no micro mobility devices)|
|New Hampshire||Unspecified||Unspecified||Check municipal laws|
|New Jersey||Unspecified||Unspecified||Check municipal laws|
|New Mexico||Unspecified||Restricted||Prohibited from using public roadways or sidewalks in areasCheck municipal laws|
|New York||Illegal||Illegal||Not allowed in public ways. Onewheels & EUCs are differentiated from electric-scooters|
|North Carolina||Municipality Based||Restricted||Check municipal laws|
|North Dakota||Unregulated||Unregulated||No state governance. Check municipal laws|
|Ohio||Unspecified||Unspecified||Check municipal laws Not banned in the state however banned in Cincinnati|
|Oklahoma||Unspecified||Unspecified||No state law Unspecified Check municipal laws|
|Oregon||Unspecified||Unspecified||Check municipal laws|
|Pennsylvania||Unspecified||Unspecified||Check municipal lawsAppears to follow E-bike laws:|
Max speed 20Mph
Max Motor output 750Watt
City of Lancaster
|Rhode Island||31-1-3.(g) 31-1-3(s) of the Rhode Island General Laws||Legal||Listed as ‘motor vehicles’ following the same rules of the road as such.|
|South Carolina||Unregulated||Unregulated||Lacks specification Check municipal laws|
|South Dakota||Unregulated||Unregulated||Check municipal laws|
|Tennessee||Limited||Limited||Check municipal laws|
|Texas||PLEV Classified||Limited||Check municipal laws|
|Utah||Unspecified||Unspecified||Check municipal laws|
|Vermont||Unregulated||Unregulated||See Title 23 V.S.A. § 1141a|
|Virginia||Virginia Code § 46.2-908.1||Legal||Cannot Exceed 20mphMust be at least 14 years old or supervised by an adult|
|Washington||Unregulated||Unregulated||Check municipal lawsBike lanes are prohibited|
|West Virginia||Unregulated||Unregulated||Check municipal laws|
|Wisconsin||Unregulated||Unregulated||Check municipal laws|
|Wyoming||Unregulated||Unregulated||Check municipal laws|
Additional State Information
While Michigan electric skateboard laws state that e-skateboards are legal, if riding on public ways, the rider must be at least 12 years old. As stated above, the board cannot exceed the speed limit of 25 mph. Helmets are also required by all riders 18 and younger. Onewheel is not specified in their electric skateboard code however it would fit the criteria of an electric skateboard.
Michigan’s full e-skateboard code is under section 257.660. This pertains to skateboards and other devices that have an electrical propulsion system. This is the Michigan vehicle code that goes into more detail for personal assistive mobility devices. Review the code but its also important to check with the local ordinance codes as well.
Where is the Safest Place to Ride Onewheels or E-Skateboards?
Onewheels have a major advantage in that they are well equipped to handle off-road terrain. You can ride them on trails, beach coastlines, fields, etc. Generally, the safest place from experience has always been trails and fields. Because you are off the road and out of sight for the most part, you have little chance to cause concern for bystanders. Riding out on a field or trail can be an incredible experience. Make sure to check with local authorities and review any posted signage. Usually these areas are relatively ok to ride on.
Once you ride a trail, you’ll likely become addicted to it. We cover the best off-terrain e-skateboards and welcome you to review the list. If you don’t get on a Onewheel, try another board out. There is a lot of fresh air to taste while you ride.
Federal laws do not yet fully address PEV / micro-mobility devices (e-skateboards, onewheels, etc). Also, many states do not specify electric skateboards yet alone Onewheels. The states that have officially legalized certain PEV’s typically (if not always) require a helmet to be worn if on public roadways. As the popularity of Onewheels grow, undoubtedly more legislation will be implemented. Considering the chart above and how many states either do not specify or do not currently regulate Onewheels, it’s fair to assume this is likely to change.
Many riders often do not have issues with the law. Problems that tend to rise when riding in congested areas (such as NYC, Vegas strip, boardwalks, congested sidewalks in general). Onewheels are still relatively novel and its legal use has yet to be defined. As such, the above information is subject to change, it is important to always check local laws prior to assuming public roadway use. You can always play it safe and hit some trails!
Yes, the Culinary Institute of America (CIA) in New York, Hyde Park banned all PEV’s. Anything lithium-ion powered means of transportation is banned effective 02/17/2023.
The city has banned PEV’s outright which includes EUC’s, Onewheels and scooters. While you may see many riders continue to ride, it is illegal on city property.