Onewheel – Motorized Vehicle or Not?

One of the first places people ride their onewheel is on a street or sidewalk however motorized vehicles are not allowed on sidewalks. Also to be on a street motorized vehicles must be registered. So where does the Onewheel and other electric skateboards stand?

A Onewheel is not a motorized vehicle in the traditional sense. A title is typically required when registering a motor vehicle. While Onewheels along with other e-skateboards are motorized (meeting the literal definition), they are commonly classified under PEV laws (if any exist within the state).

So are Onewheels Illegal?

Generally speaking, Onewheels are street legal. They still are relatively novel items and most state / city laws do not delineate their allowable use. Electric skateboards (e-skateboards) and Onewheels alike tend to follow scooter laws. Some laws do specify hoverboards only which is why its important to know that Onewheels are not hoverboards.

The table below provides a list of each state and their respective laws for PEV’s / PLEV (personal electric vehicles / personal light electric vehicles):

StateLegal StatuePublic Use 
AlabamaPLEV Law – Section 10-1-2wSidewalk OnlyLegal
AlaskaNot SpecifiedNot SpecifiedAdhere to scooter laws
ArizonaMunicipality BasedRestrictedPhoenix City Council
ArkansasElectric Scooter Act of 2019LegalPLEVs remain exempt
CaliforniaAssembly Bill No. 604LegalMin age 16+
ColoradoHB 19-1221LegalMax speed 20mph
ConnecticutCGS § 14-12UnclearSeek local code regulation
DelawareTitle  21 Ch. 41 Sc12 Provision 4198NBanned 
Florida2021 Florida StatueLegalMin age 16+
GeorgiaUnspecifiedUnspecifiedCheck municipal laws
Hawaii§291C-134.5 Electric Personal Assistive Mobility DevicesLegalLimited to 20 mph
IdahoUnspecifiedUnspecifiedNo specific legislation
IllinoisUnspecifiedIllegal to ride through business districtsCheck municipal laws
IndianaUnspecifiedUnspecifiedCheck municipal laws
IowaUnspecifiedUnspecifiedCheck municipal laws
KansasUnlegislatedUnspecifiedConsidered by the state as a novelty.
KentuckyKentucky House Bill 258LegalOnewheels considered as motor scooters. Legal
LouisianaUnregulatedUnspecifiedCheck municipal laws
MaineUnspecifiedUnregulatedCheck municipal laws
MarylandUnspecifiedUnspecifiedCheck municipal laws
MassachusettsUnregulatedUnregulatedCheck municipal laws
MichiganMVC Section 257.13fLegalMax speed 25 mph. 2500W max motor outputOne operator Deck cannot exceed 18” x 60”
MinnesotaMN 169.225LegalMin age is 12Adequate front & rear lightingMax speed 15mph
MississippiUnregulatedUnspecifiedCheck municipal laws
MissouriUnspecifiedUnspecifiedChapter 307 of Missouri outlines hoverboard laws however nothing specific to onewheel (remember hoverboards are not Onewheels)
Montana“Motorized non-standard vehicles”RestrictedConsidered as “motorized non-standard vehicles” and not allowed on streets or sidewalks
Nebraska“Micro-mobility vehicles”LegalAbide by the rules of the road.
NevadaBill AB-485LegalMin age 16+Check municipal lawsBanned in Las Vegas (no micro mobility devices)    
New HampshireUnspecifiedUnspecifiedCheck municipal laws  
New JerseyUnspecifiedUnspecifiedCheck municipal laws  
New MexicoUnspecifiedRestrictedProhibited from using public roadways or sidewalks in areasCheck municipal laws  
New YorkIllegalIllegalNot allowed in public ways. Onewheels & EUCs are differentiated from electric-scooters
North CarolinaMunicipality BasedRestrictedCheck municipal laws
North DakotaUnregulatedUnregulatedNo state governance. Check municipal laws
OhioRevised Code Section 4511.512UnspecifiedCheck municipal laws Not banned in the state however banned in Cincinnati. Per 4511.512, Onewheels could potentially fall under the category of “electric personal assistive mobility devices.” According to this section however, such devices are generally permitted to be operated on public streets, highways, sidewalks, and bike paths, unless otherwise regulated by local authorities.
OklahomaUnspecifiedUnspecifiedNo state law Unspecified Check municipal laws  
OregonUnspecifiedUnspecifiedCheck municipal laws  
PennsylvaniaUnspecifiedUnspecifiedCheck municipal lawsAppears to follow E-bike laws:

Max speed 20Mph
Max Motor output 750Watt

City of Lancaster
Rhode Island  31-1-3.(g) 31-1-3(s) of the Rhode Island General LawsLegalListed as ‘motor vehicles’ following the same rules of the road as such.
South Carolina  UnregulatedUnregulatedLacks specification Check municipal laws  
South Dakota  UnregulatedUnregulatedCheck municipal laws  
TennesseeLimitedLimitedCheck municipal laws
TexasPLEV ClassifiedLimitedCheck municipal laws
UtahUnspecifiedUnspecifiedCheck municipal laws
VermontUnregulatedUnregulatedSee Title 23 V.S.A. § 1141a
VirginiaVirginia Code § 46.2-908.1LegalCannot Exceed 20mphMust be at least 14 years old or supervised by an adult
WashingtonUnregulatedUnregulatedCheck municipal lawsBike lanes are prohibited
West VirginiaUnregulatedUnregulatedCheck municipal laws
WisconsinUnregulatedUnregulatedCheck municipal laws
WyomingUnregulatedUnregulatedCheck municipal laws

Additional State Information

While Michigan electric skateboard laws state that e-skateboards are legal, if riding on public ways, the rider must be at least 12 years old. As stated above, the board cannot exceed the speed limit of 25 mph. Helmets are also required by all riders 18 and younger. Onewheel is not specified in their electric skateboard code however it would fit the criteria of an electric skateboard.

Michigan’s full e-skateboard code is under section 257.660. This pertains to skateboards and other devices that have an electrical propulsion system. This is the Michigan vehicle code that goes into more detail for personal assistive mobility devices. Review the code but its also important to check with the local ordinance codes as well.

Where is the Safest Place to Ride Onewheels or E-Skateboards?

Onewheels have a major advantage in that they are well equipped to handle off-road terrain. You can ride them on trails, beach coastlines, fields, etc. Generally, the safest place from experience has always been trails and fields. Because you are off the road and out of sight for the most part, you have little chance to cause concern for bystanders. Riding out on a field or trail can be an incredible experience. Make sure to check with local authorities and review any posted signage. Usually these areas are relatively ok to ride on.

Once you ride a trail, you’ll likely become addicted to it. We cover the best off-terrain e-skateboards and welcome you to review the list. If you don’t get on a Onewheel, try another board out. There is a lot of fresh air to taste while you ride.


Federal laws do not yet fully address PEV / micro-mobility devices (e-skateboards, onewheels, etc). Also, many states do not specify electric skateboards yet alone Onewheels. The states that have officially legalized certain PEV’s typically (if not always) require a helmet to be worn if on public roadways. As the popularity of Onewheels grow, undoubtedly more legislation will be implemented. Considering the chart above and how many states either do not specify or do not currently regulate Onewheels, it’s fair to assume this is likely to change. Some areas just require you to wear safety gear. If comes down to that, just wear it. Check out our list on the recommended safety wear.

Many riders often do not have issues with the law. Problems that tend to rise when riding in congested areas (such as NYC, Vegas strip, boardwalks, congested sidewalks in general). Onewheels are still relatively novel and its legal use has yet to be defined. As such, the above information is subject to change, it is important to always check local laws prior to assuming public roadway use. You can always play it safe and hit some trails!


Did CIA ban Onewheels?

Yes, the Culinary Institute of America (CIA) in New York, Hyde Park banned all PEV’s. Anything lithium-ion powered means of transportation is banned effective 02/17/2023.

Are Onewheels illegal to ride in NYC?

The city has banned PEV’s outright which includes EUC’s, Onewheels and scooters. While you may see many riders continue to ride, it is illegal on city property.

David Bank

David Bank - Onewheel Enthusiast and has been an avid Onewheel rider since 2020. With thousands of miles logged on various Onewheel models and builds, David has a deep understanding of the mechanics, safety protocols, and the joy of Onewheel riding. He has been featured in Onewheel community events and has contributed articles to leading Onewheel forums and PEV communities. David also runs a YouTube channel where he shares tips, reviews, and tutorials related to Onewheel.

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